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Peer Reviewed

Considerations for the development of shale gas in the United Kingdom

Science of the Total Environment
15 Apr 2015
Jake Hays, Madelon L. Finkel, Michael Depledge, Adam Law, Seth B.C. Shonkoff

Important lessons can be drawn from the UGD experience in the United States. This article explores these considerations and argues that shale gas development policies in the UK and elsewhere should be informed by empirical evidence generated on environmental, public health, and social risks.

Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Methane emissions from natural gas infrastructure and use in the urban region of Boston, Massachusetts

PNAS
23 Jan 2015
Kathryn McKain, Adrian Down, Steve M. Raciti, John Budney, Lucy R. Hutyra, Cody Floerchinger, Scott C. Herndon, Thomas Nehrkorn, Mark S. Zahniser, Robert B. Jackson, Nathan Phillips, Steven C. Wofsya

This study quantifies the full seasonal cycle of methane emissions and the fractional contribution of natural gas for the urbanized region centered on Boston. Emissions from natural gas are found to be two to three times larger than predicted by existing inventory methodologies and industry reports. Our findings suggest that natural-gas–consuming regions may be larger sources of methane to the atmosphere than is currently estimated and represent areas of significant resource loss.

Peer Reviewed

Iodide, Bromide, and Ammonium in Hydraulic Fracturing and Oil and Gas Wastewaters: Environmental Implications

Environ Sci Technol
14 Jan 2015
Jennifer S. Harkness, Gary S. Dwyer, Nathaniel R. Warner, Kimberly M. Parker, William A. Mitch, and Avner Vengosh

This paper presents a systematic evaluation of iodide and ammonium concentrations in conventional and unconventional (Marcellus and Fayetteville shales) oil and gas wastewaters, as well as halides and ammononium concentrations in treated effluents, downstream surface waters, and a WV spill site.

Open Access

Understanding high wintertime ozone pollution events in an oil- and natural gas-producing region of the western US

Atmos Chem Phys
14 Jan 2015
Ahmadov, R., McKeen, S., Trainer, M., Banta, R., Brewer, A., Brown, S., Edwards, P. M., de Gouw, J. A., Frost, G. J., Gilman, J., Helmig, D., Johnson, B., Karion, A., Koss, A., Langford, A., Lerner, B., Olson, J., Oltmans, S., Peischl, J., Pétron, G., Pic

This study compares high-resolution meteorological simulations for atmospheric pollutants and ozone formation over the Uinta Basin using two different emission scenarios: EPA bottom up emission estimates and recent top-down measurements. Model results provide further evidence that federal methane emission estimates from oil and gas development are too low.

Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Mapping CH4 : CO2 ratios in Los Angeles with CLARS-FTS from Mount Wilson, California

Atmos Chem Phys
12 Jan 2015
K. W. Wong, D. Fu, T. J. Pongetti, S. Newman, E. A. Kort, R. Duren, Y.-K. Hsu, C. E. Miller, Y. L. Yung, and S. P. Sander

This study uses high elevation ground-based remote sensing to to characterize anthropogenic CH4 emissions in Los Angeles metropolitan area using tracer–tracer correlations and finds CH4 emissions 18 - 61% larger than the state government's bottom-up CH4 emission inventory and consistent with previous studies.

Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Developmental and reproductive effects of chemicals associated with unconventional oil and natural gas operations

Reviews on Environmental Health
05 Dec 2014
Ellen Webb, Sheila Bushkin-Bedient, Amanda Cheng, Christopher D. Kassotis, Victoria Balise, Susan C. Nagel
Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Influence of oil and gas emissions on ambient atmospheric non-methane hydrocarbons in residential areas of Northestern Colorado

Elem. Sci. Anth.
14 Nov 2014
Thompson CR, Hueber J, Helmig D
Peer Reviewed

New Tracers Identify Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids and Accidental Releases from Oil and Gas Operations

Environ Sci Technol
20 Oct 2014
N. R. Warner, T. H. Darrah, R. B. Jackson, R. Millot, W. Kloppmann, and A. Vengosh

Researchers discover a way to determine if water contamination is due to frac water

Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Volatile organic compound emissions from the oil and natural gas industry in the Uintah Basin, Utah: oil and gas well pad emissions compared to ambient air composition

Atmos Chem Phys
17 Oct 2014
C. Warneke, F. Geiger, P. M. Edwards, W. Dube, G. Pétron, J. Kofler, A. Zahn, S. S. Brown, M. Graus, J. B. Gilman, B. M. Lerner, J. Peischl, T. B. Ryerson, J. A. de Gouw, and J. M. Roberts

Study presents some of the first air "measurements using fast-response VOC instruments to look at individual gas and oil well pads and other point sources associated with oil and natural gas production"

Peer Reviewed

Four corners: The largest US methane anomaly viewed from space

Geophysical Research Letters
16 Oct 2014
Eric A. Kort, Christian Frankenberg, Keeley R. Costigan, Rodica Lindenmaier, Manvendra K. Dubey, Debra Wunch

Satellite data, as well as earth-based remote sensing, is used to compare federal emission estimates to real-world observations and finds that the largest methane anomaly viewable from space is located over the Four-Corners regions of the southwestern U.S., the source of which is likely fossil fuel development.

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