Public Health England’s draft report on shale gas extraction
British Medical Journal
17 Apr 2014
Adam Law, Jake Hays, Seth B. Shonkoff, Madelon L. Finkel
This editorial critique argues for an emphasis on actual practices rather than best practices in public health assessments.
Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development
Environmental Health Perspectives
16 Apr 2014
Seth B. Shonkoff, Jake Hays, and Madelon L. Finkel
Matrix Complications in the Determination of Radium Levels in Hydraulic Fracturing Flowback Water from Marcellus Shale
Environmental Technology & Letters
Andrew W. Nelson, Dustin May, Andrew W. Knight, Eric S. Eitrheim, Marinea Mehrho, Robert Shannon, Robert Litman, Michael K. Schultz
This study investigates the utility of common radium analysis methods using a representative Marcellus Shale flowback water sample, and finds that the high ionic strength of flowback water may make commonly used wet analysis unreliable in determining radium content of flowback waters.
The Health Implications of Fracking
Kovats S, Depledge M, Haines A, Fleming LE, Wilkinson P, Shonkoff SB, Scovronick N
What is known about the health effects of gas extraction by induced hydraulic fracturing of gas-bearing rock—ie, fracking? A workshop held on Nov 15, 2013, at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and attended by scientists, public health professionals, and decision makers addressed this question.
Crude Oil Impairs Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling in Fish
Science; 14 February 2014
Fabien Brette, Ben Machado, Caroline Cros, John P. Incardona, Nathaniel L. Scholz, Barbara A. Block
The findings of this study demonstrate a cardiotoxic mechanism by which crude oil affects the regulation of cellular excitability, with implications for life-threatening arrhythmias in vertebrates.
Birth Outcomes and Maternal Residential Proximity to Natural Gas Development in Rural Colorado
Environmental Health Perspectives
28 Jan 2014
Lisa M. McKenzie, Ruixin Guo, Roxana Z. Witter, David A. Savitz, Lee S. Newman, and John L. Adgate
This study examined associations between maternal exposure to natural gas development and birth outcomes in Colorado.
Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC
Environmental Science and Technology
Jackson, Robert B., Adrian Down, Nathan G. Phillips, Robert C. Ackley, Charles W. Cook, Desiree L. Plata, and Kaiguang Zhao
This study presents sampling results of methane leakage from the natural gas distribution system in Washington DC. 12 of the 19 locations tested showed concentrations hig enough to risk explosion.
Estrogen and Androgen Receptor Activities of Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Surface and Ground Water in a Drilling-Dense Region
16 Dec 2013
Christopher D. Kassotis, Donald E. Tillitt, J. Wade Davis, Annette M. Hormann, Susan C. Nagel.
This study collected, solid-phase extracted, and measured water samples in Colorado for estrogen and androgen receptor activities using reporter gene assays in human cell lines.
The Importance of Public Health Agency Independence: Marcellus Shale Gas Drilling in Pennsylvania
American Journal of Public Health, 2013
20 Oct 2013
Bernard D. Goldstein, MD
This policy brief discusses the importance of public health agency independence and points to the lack of involvement of the Pennsylvania Department of Health in responding to health concerns about shale gas drilling.
The implications of unconventional drilling for natural gas: a global public health concern
11 Oct 2013
Finkel, M.L. and J. Hays
This commentary explores the need for research to quantify the potential risks to the environment and to human health from unconventional natural gas development in both the short-term and long-term.