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Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Public Health England’s draft report on shale gas extraction

British Medical Journal
17 Apr 2014
Adam Law, Jake Hays, Seth B. Shonkoff, Madelon L. Finkel
This editorial critique argues for an emphasis on actual practices rather than best practices in public health assessments.
Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development

Environmental Health Perspectives
16 Apr 2014
Seth B. Shonkoff, Jake Hays, and Madelon L. Finkel
Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Understanding exposure from natural gas drilling puts current air standards to the test

Reviews on Environmental Health
Mar 2014
David Brown, Beth Weinberger, Celia Lewis, Heather Bonaparte
This study illustrates that current methods of collecting emissions data, as well as the analyses of these data, are not sufficient for accurately assessing risks to individuals or protecting the health of those near UNGD sites.
Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Matrix Complications in the Determination of Radium Levels in Hydraulic Fracturing Flowback Water from Marcellus Shale

Environmental Technology & Letters
Mar 2014
Andrew W. Nelson, Dustin May, Andrew W. Knight, Eric S. Eitrheim, Marinea Mehrho, Robert Shannon, Robert Litman, Michael K. Schultz
This study investigates the utility of common radium analysis methods using a representative Marcellus Shale flowback water sample, and finds that the high ionic strength of flowback water may make commonly used wet analysis unreliable in determining radium content of flowback waters.
Peer Reviewed

The Health Implications of Fracking

The Lancet
28 Feb 2014
Kovats S, Depledge M, Haines A, Fleming LE, Wilkinson P, Shonkoff SB, Scovronick N
What is known about the health effects of gas extraction by induced hydraulic fracturing of gas-bearing rock—ie, fracking? A workshop held on Nov 15, 2013, at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and attended by scientists, public health professionals, and decision makers addressed this question.
Peer Reviewed

Crude Oil Impairs Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling in Fish

Science; 14 February 2014
Fabien Brette, Ben Machado, Caroline Cros, John P. Incardona, Nathaniel L. Scholz, Barbara A. Block
The findings of this study demonstrate a cardiotoxic mechanism by which crude oil affects the regulation of cellular excitability, with implications for life-threatening arrhythmias in vertebrates.
Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Birth Outcomes and Maternal Residential Proximity to Natural Gas Development in Rural Colorado

Environmental Health Perspectives
28 Jan 2014
Lisa M. McKenzie, Ruixin Guo, Roxana Z. Witter, David A. Savitz, Lee S. Newman, and John L. Adgate

This study examined associations between maternal exposure to natural gas development and birth outcomes in Colorado.

Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC

Environmental Science and Technology
Jan 2014
Jackson, Robert B., Adrian Down, Nathan G. Phillips, Robert C. Ackley, Charles W. Cook, Desiree L. Plata, and Kaiguang Zhao
This study presents sampling results of methane leakage from the natural gas distribution system in Washington DC. 12 of the 19 locations tested showed concentrations hig enough to risk explosion.
Peer Reviewed

Estrogen and Androgen Receptor Activities of Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Surface and Ground Water in a Drilling-Dense Region

Endocrinology
16 Dec 2013
Christopher D. Kassotis, Donald E. Tillitt, J. Wade Davis, Annette M. Hormann, Susan C. Nagel.

This study collected, solid-phase extracted, and measured water samples in Colorado for estrogen and androgen receptor activities using reporter gene assays in human cell lines.

Peer Reviewed

The Importance of Public Health Agency Independence: Marcellus Shale Gas Drilling in Pennsylvania

American Journal of Public Health, 2013
20 Oct 2013
Bernard D. Goldstein, MD

This policy brief discusses the importance of public health agency independence and points to the lack of involvement of the Pennsylvania Department of Health in responding to health concerns about shale gas drilling.

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