The Environmental Price Tag on a Ton of Mountaintop Removal Coal
Brian D. Lutz, Emily S. Bernhardt, William H. Schlesinger
This study provides an estimate for how much coal is produced per unit landscape disturbance in the Central Appalachians using regional satellite-derived mine delineations and historical county-level coal production data for the period 1985–2005.
Isotopic Imprints of Mountaintop Mining Contaminants
Environmental Science & Technology
02 Aug 2013
Avner Vengosh, T. Ty Lindberg, Brittany R. Merola, Laura Ruhl, Nathaniel R. Warner, Alissa White, Gary S. Dwyer, and Richard T. Di Giulio
This study measures the chemical and isotopic compositions of water samples from MTM-impacted tributaries and streams in the Mud River watershed in West Virginia.
Oil depletion and the energy efficiency of oil production: the case of California
12 Oct 2011
This study explores the impact of oil depletion on the energetic efficiency of oil. extraction and refining in California.
The energy return on energy investment (EROI) of photovoltaics: Methodology and comparisons with fossil fuel lifecycles
21 Mar 2012
Raugei M, P Fullana-i-Palmer, and V Fthenakis
A study on net energy from solar photovoltaic (PV) systems indicates the PV energy balance is similar to that of conventional fossil fuels.
Greenhouse gases, climate change and the transition from coal to low-carbon electricity
Environmental Research Letters
16 Feb 2012
Myhrvold NP and Caldeira K
A transition from the global system of coal-based electricity generation to low-greenhouse-gas-emission energy technologies is required to mitigate climate change in the long term. The use of current infrastructure to build this new low-emission system necessitates additional emissions of greenhouse gases, and the coal-based infrastructure will continue to emit substantial amounts of greenhouse gases as it is phased out. Furthermore, ocean thermal inertia delays the climate benefits of emissions reductions. By constructing a quantitative model of energy system transitions that includes life-cycle emissions and the central physics of greenhouse warming, we estimate the global warming expected to occur as a result of build-outs of new energy technologies ranging from 100 GWe to 10 TWe in size and 1–100 yr in duration. We show that rapid deployment of low-emission energy systems can do little to diminish the climate impacts in the first half of this century. Conservation, wind, solar, nuclear power, and possibly carbon capture and storage appear to be able to achieve substantial climate benefits in the second half of this century; however, natural gas cannot.
A New Long Term Assessment of Energy Return on Investment (EROI) for U.S. Oil and Gas Discovery and Production
14 Oct 2011
Guilford MC, CS Hall, P O’ Connor, and CJ Cleveland
This study tracks the net energy balance (i.e. energy produced after subtracting the energy consumed to produce it) of oil and gas development over the past 100 years.
The Association Between Mountaintop Mining and Birth Defects Among Live Births in Central Appalachia, 1996-2003.
22 Jun 2011[ePub]
Ahern MM, Hendryx M, Conley J, Fedorko E, Ducatman A, Zullig KJ.
Birth defects are examined in mountaintop coal mining areas compared to other coal mining areas and non-mining areas of central Appalachia.
Health-Related Quality of Life Among Central Appalachian Residents in Mountaintop Mining Counties.
American Journal of Public Health
18 Mar 2011 [ePub]
Zullig KJ, Hendryx M.
This study examines the health-related quality of life of residents in mountaintop mining counties of Appalachia using the 2006 national Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
17 Feb 2011
Paul R. Epstein, Jonathan J. Buonocore, Kevin Eckerle, Michael Hendryx, Benjamin M. Stout III, Richard Heinberg, Richard W. Clapp, Beverly May,
Nancy L. Reinhart, Melissa M. Ahern, Samir K. Doshi, and Leslie Glustrom
This study looks at coal production and estimates that the life cycle effects of coal and the waste stream generated are costing the U.S. public a third to over one-half of a trillion dollars annually.
Mountaintop Mining Consequences
Palmer MA, Bernhardt ES, Schlesinger WH, Eshleman KN, Foufoula-Georgiou E, Hendryx MS, Lemly AD, Likens GE, Loucks OL, Power ME, White PS, Wilcock PR
Damage to ecosystems and threats to human health and the lack of effective mitigation require new approaches to mining regulation.