Examining the Feasibility of Converting New York State’s All-Purpose Energy Infrastructure to One Using Wind, Water and Sunlight

Energy Policy
12 Mar 2013
Jacobson MZ, RW Howarth, MA Delucchi, SR Scobie, JM Barth, MJ. Dvorak, M Klevze, H Katkhuda, B Miranda, NA Chowdhury, R Jones, L Plano, AR Ingraffea


This study analyzes a plan to convert New York State's (NYS's) all-purpose (for electricity, transportation, heating/cooling, industry) energy infrastructure to one derived entirely from wind, water, and sunlight (WWS) generating electricity and electrolytic hydrogen. Under the plan, NYS's 2030 all-purpose end-use power would be provided by 10% onshore wind (4020 5-MW turbines), 40% offshore wind (12,700 5-MW turbines), 10% concentrated solar (387 100-MW plants), 10% solar-PV plants (828 50-MW plants), 6% residential rooftop PV (~5 million 5-kW systems), 12% commercial/government rooftop PV (~500,000 100-kW systems), 5% geothermal (36 100-MW plants), 0.5% wave (1910 0.75-MW devices), 1% tidal (2600 1-MW turbines), and 5.5% hydroelectric (6.6 1300-MW plants, of which 89% exist). The conversion would reduce NYS's end-use power demand ~37% and stabilize energy prices since fuel costs would be zero. It would
create more jobs than lost because nearly all NYS energy would now be produced instate. NYS air pollution mortality and its costs would decline by ~4000 (1200-7600) deaths/yr, and $33 (10-76) billion/yr (3% of 2010 NYS GDP), respectively, alone repaying the 271 GW installed power needed within ~17 y, before accounting for electricity sales. NYS's own emission decreases would reduce 2050 U.S. climate costs by ~$3.2 billion/yr.


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Related Content:


Jacobson MZ (2012). Myths versus realities of wind, water, and sunlight (WWS) versus current fuels (pdf)


Jacobson MZ and MA DeLucchi (2011). Providing all global energy with wind, water and solar power, Part I: Technologies, energy resources, quantities and areas of infrastructure, and materials (Energy Policy, 2011) (pdf-Part I) Spreadsheet (xls-spreadsheet)


DeLucchi MA and MZ Jacobson (2011). Providing all global energy with wind, water and solar power, Part II: Reliability, system and transmission costs, and policies (Energy Policy, 2011) (pdf-Part II) Spreadsheet (xls-spreadsheet)


Jacobson MZ (2009). A path to sustainable energy by 2030 (Scientific American, November 2009) (pdf)


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