Physicians Scientists & Engineers for Healthy Energy



PSE Board of Directors



John David Hughes:


David Hughes is a geoscientist who has studied the energy resources of Canada for nearly four decades, including 32 years with the Geological Survey of Canada as a scientist and research manager. He developed a National Coal Inventory for Canada and coordinated a comprehensive assessment of Canada's unconventional natural gas potential as Team Leader for Unconventional Gas on the Canadian Gas Potential Committee. In 2008, David founded Global Sustainability Research Inc., a consultancy dedicated to research on energy and sustainability issues. Clients have covered the ideological spectrum from multinational energy companies, including Imperial Oil and Forbes Energy Group, municipal governments, including the City of Edmonton, the Canadian Federal Government, including the Petroleum Resources Branch of Natural Resources Canada, and environmental groups, including ForestEthics. Over the past decade, he has researched, published and lectured widely on global energy and sustainability issues in North America and internationally. He is a board member of the Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas – Canada and is a Fellow of the Post Carbon Institute. His work has been featured in the popular press, radio, television and other public media. He is a sought after speaker on global and North American energy issues, as well as on specific aspects of energy including shale gas, coalbed methane, LNG exports, pipeline infrastructure development, scaling issues with alternatives and considerations for long term energy security and sustainability. In recent years he has addressed nearly 200 venues on these issues ranging from municipal-, provincial/state- and Federal-governments, through scientific conferences, universities, environmental groups and industry associations.



Recent Work Related to Healthy Energy:


Lectures, debates, briefings, and other oral presentations:

The Energy Sustainability Dilemma (youtube)

>>Download Slides



Hughes, D. (2013). Drill Baby Drill: Can unconventional fuels usher in a new era of energy adundance? Post Carbon Institute. Feb 2013. Full Report

Hughes, D. (2011). Will Natural Gas Fuel America in the 21st Century? Post Carbon Institute. May 2011. Full Report

Hughes, D. (2011). Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Shale Gas Compared to Coal: An Analysis of Two Conflicting Studies. Post Carbon Institute. Jun 2011. Full Report






Anthony Ingraffea, PhD, PE:

Dr. Ingraffea is the Dwight C. Baum Professor of Engineering at Cornell University, and has taught structural mechanics, finite element methods, and fracture mechanics at Cornell for 37 years. Dr. Ingraffea's research concentrates on computer simulation and physical testing of complex fracturing processes. He and his students have performed pioneering research in using interactive computer graphics in computational mechanics, and together they have authored more than 250 papers in these areas. He has been a principal investigator on more than $35 million in R&D projects from the NSF, NASA, Nichols Research, AFOSR, FAA, Kodak, U. S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, IBM, Schlumberger, EXXON, the Gas Research Institute, Sandia National Laboratories, the Association of Iron and Steel Engineers, General Dynamics, Boeing, Caterpillar Tractor, and Northrop Grumman Aerospace. For his research achievements he has won the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics "1994 Significant Paper Award" for one of the five most significant papers in the category of Computational/Analytical Applications,  twice won the National Research Council/U.S. National Committee for Rock Mechanics Award for Research in Rock Mechanics (1978, 1991), and the George Irwin Medal form the American Society for Testing and Materials (2006). He was named a Fellow of the International Congress on Fracture in 2009. He is Co-Editor-in-Chief of the premier journal in his field, Engineering Fracture Mechanics.


Recent Work Related to Healthy Energy:


2013 Lectures to General Public:

Dundee, NY, 1/23/13
Duke University, 1/31/13
North Carolina State University, 2/1/13
Elmira, NY, 2/4/13
Fredonia, NY, 2/26/13
Canisteo, NY, 3/14/13
Hector, NY, 3/28/13
Rochester, NY, 4/10/13
Tully, NY, 4/22/13
Boulder, CO, 4/27/13


2013 Invited Presentations at Conferences:

Advanced Energy Conference, NYS, NY 5/1/13


2013 Presentations to Groups:

New York Society Professional Engineers, 2/14/13



Howarth, R., W., and A. Ingraffea. 2011. Should fracking stop? Yes, it is too high risk. Nature 477: 271-273.


Howarth, R. W., R. Santoro, and A. Ingraffea.  2011.  Methane and the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas from shale formations.  Climatic Change Letters, doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0061-5


Howarth, R, Santoro, R, Ingraffea AR. Venting and Leaking of Methane from Shale Gas Development:

Response to Cathles et al., Climatic Change, doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0401-0, 2012.


Jacobson M, Howarth R, Delucchi M, Scobie S, Barth J, Dvorak M, Klevze M, Katkhuda H, Miranda B, Chowdhury

N, Jones R, Plano L, Ingraffea A.  Examining the Feasibility of Converting New York State's All-Purpose Energy

Infrastructure to One Using Wind, Water, and Sunlight. Accepted for publication, Energy Policy, February, 2013


Santoro, R., R. W. Howarth, and A. Ingraffea. 2011. Indirect emissions of carbon dioxides from Marcellus shale gas development. A technical report of the Agriculture, Energy, and Environment Program at Cornell University.


Time Magazine's 2011 Person of the Year - People Who Mattered:,28804,2101745_2102309_2102323,00.html




Mark Z Jacobson, PhD:


Mark Z. Jacobson is a Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University and Senior Fellow at Woods Institute for the Environment and Precourts Institute for Energy. He is also Director and co-founder of Stanford's Atmosphere/Energy Program. The main goal of Jacobson's research is to understand better severe atmospheric problems, such as air pollution and global warming, and develop and analyze large-scale clean energy solutions to them.  To address this goal, he has developed and applied numerical solvers and models to simulate air pollution, weather, and climate. In 1993, he developed the world's fastest ordinary differential equation solver for a given level of accuracy at the time and applied it to atmospheric chemistry problems. In 1993-4, he developed the world's first air pollution model that treated interactive feedback of transported gases and aerosols to weather and climate through radiative transfer, and in 2001, the first coupled air-pollution-weather-climate model to telescope from the global to urban scale. Later version of the model simulated the evolution of the mixing state of aerosols and clouds and the sub-grid exhaust plumes of all aircraft flights worldwide. Individual solvers he has developed include those for cloud and aerosol coagulation, breakup, condensation/evaporation, freezing, dissolution, chemical equilibrium, and lightning; air-sea exchange; ocean chemistry; greenhouse gas absorption; and surface processes, among others. His research has led to several scientific findings with policy implications. In 2000, he discovered that black carbon, the main component of soot aerosol particles, might be the second-leading cause of global warming in terms of radiative forcing, after carbon dioxide. This result and five subsequent papers provided the original scientific basis for European Parliament Resolution B7-0474/2011 calling for black carbon emission controls on climate grounds (Sep. 14, 2011), the six-country Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (Feb. 17, 2012), which expanded to 21 with the inclusion of G8 plus other countries by May 22, 2012, and five proposed U.S. laws from 2008-2010. His findings that carbon dioxide domes over cities and carbon dioxide buildup since preindustrial times have enhanced air pollution mortality through its feedback to particles and ozone served as a scientific basis for the Environmental Protection Agency's 2009 approval of the first U.S. regulation of carbon dioxide (the California waiver).  His group's 2005 development of the world's first wind map based on data alone served as a scientific justification for the wind component of the Repower America and Pickens Plan energy proposals and the siting of several proposed wind farms. He also coauthored the first plan, featured on the cover of Scientific American, to power the world for all purposes with wind, water, and sunlight (WWS).  He and his group have further studied the effects absorbing organic aerosols (brown carbon) on UV and visible radiation, aerosols on ozone, winds, and precipitation; biomass burning on climate; hydrogen fuel cell vehicles on air quality and stratospheric ozone; ethanol and diesel vehicles on air quality; agriculture on air pollution; aircraft on climate; urban surfaces on climate; and combining renewable energy on ensuring grid reliability.  To date, he has published two textbooks of two editions each, published over 120 peer-reviewed journal articles, and given over 320 invited talks. He has testified three times for the U.S. Congress. Nearly a thousand researchers have used computer models he has developed. In 2005, he received the American Meteorological Society Henry G. Houghton Award for "significant contributions to modeling aerosol chemistry and to understanding the role of soot and other carbon particles on climate." His paper, "Review of energy solutions to global warming, air pollution, and energy security," published in January 2009, is the top all-time-accessed paper as of December 2011 in the journal Energy and Environmental Sciences. He currently sits on the Energy Efficiency and Renewables advisory committee to the U.S. Secretary of Energy.


Recent Work Related to Healthy Energy:


Lectures, debates, briefings, and other oral presentations:

How to power New York, the U.S., and the world with wind, water, and sunlight, Barnfest, Catskills Mountains, New York, July 14, 2012.

Effects of climate change on future air quality, Environmental Protection Agency, webinar, May 9, 2012 (connected remotely). (link)




Jacobson, M. Z., Air Pollution  and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions,  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 375 pp., 2012 (link)


Hart, E.K., and M.Z. Jacobson, The carbon abatement potential of high penetration intermittent renewables, Energy and Environmental Science, 5, 6592-6601, doi:10.1039/c2ee03490e, 2012. (link)


Delucchi, M.Z., and M.Z. Jacobson, Providing all global energy with wind, water, and solar power, Part II: Reliability, System and Transmission Costs, and Policies, Energy Policy, 39, 1170-1190, doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.11.045, 2011. (link)


Hart, E.K., E.D. Stoutenburg, and M.Z. Jacobson, The potential of intermittent renewables to meet electric power demand: A review of current analytical techniques, Proceedings of the IEEE, 100, 322-334, doi:10.1109/JPROC.2011.2144951, 2011. (link)


Jacobson, M.Z., and M.A. Delucchi, Providing all Global Energy with Wind, Water, and Solar Power,   Part I: Technologies, Energy Resources, Quantities and Areas of Infrastructure, and Materials, Energy Policy, 39, 1154-1169, doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.11.040, 2010. (link)


Jacobson, M.Z., Short-term effects of controlling fossil-fuel soot, biofuel soot and gases, and methane on climate, Arctic ice, and air pollution health,     J. Geophys.Res., 115, D14209, doi:10.1029/2009JD013795, 2010. (link)




Adam Law, MD:


A specialist in endocrinology and internal medicine, practicing in Ithaca, Dr. Law, a Fellow of the U.K.'s Royal College of Physicians, is also Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College. He trained in medicine at The Middlesex Hospital Medical School at the University of London, distinguishing himself by winning all eight major clinical prizes offered by the school. After gaining membership in the Royal College of Physicians he turned his attention to medical science, and received a masters degree in biochemistry with distinction at King's College, London and a doctorate from the University of London. He has held post-doctoral fellowships at the University of California, San Francisco and Cornell University. He has published 13 research papers in clinical medicine and molecular medicine. He has been in clinical practice in Ithaca, NY since 1994.  In January 2007, he took a two-year appointment as Chair of the Department of Medicine at Ithaca's Cayuga Medical Center, and was President of the Medical Staff in 2009. In addition to several committee roles at the Medical Center, Dr. Law has served on the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee at Cornell University from 1995 to 2000, and has been on the University's Health Careers Program Advisory Board since 1996. Since 2009 he has been the Cayuga Medical Center medical staff director of Ithaca Medical Education, and academic collaboration with Weill Cornell Medical College.


Recent Work Related to Healthy Energy:

Planned and organized 2012 conference to stimulate public health research on shale gas production.


Proceedings can be found here for:

"Epidemiologic & Public Health Considerations of Shale Gas Production: The Missing Link". Public Health Conference. Arlington, VA. January 9, 2012


Holly Schadler, JD:


Holly Schadler is an attorney in Washington DC and concentrates her practice on representing tax-exempt organizations, including private foundations and public charities in connection with tax, federal and state campaign finance, governmental ethics, lobbying and corporate matters.   Her legal guide, The Connection, (published by the Alliance for Justice), now in its third edition, addresses the complexities of managing networks of tax-exempt organizations and political groups.  She speaks frequently on nonprofit issues and has written numerous articles on tax-exempt organization topics.  In addition, she has worked for environmental organizations on the national and state level. 




The Connection: Strategies for Creating and Operating 501(c)(3)s, 501(c)(4)s and Political Organizations,  Alliance for Justice, Third Edition, 2012

The Effect of Citizens United on Tax and Campaign Laws Governing Tax-Exempt Organizations, 65 Exempt Org. Tax Rev. 229 (March 2010) (with Laurence E. Gold)

Non-Profit  Organizations, Public Policy and the Political Process: A Guide to the Internal Revenue Code and Federal Election Campaign Act, The Tides Center

No Free Lunch? The House and Senate Gift Rules and Nonprofit Organizations, Exempt Organizations Tax Review

Investing in Change: A Funders Guide to Supporting Advocacy, Alliance for Justice

Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002: How Will It Affect Nonprofits?, 36 Exempt Org. Tax Rev. 171 (2002) (with Michael B. Trister)


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